This study sought to investigate the effectiveness of an on-line computerized eye movement training program in improving reading eye movement skills and reading comprehension in adult readers. Subjects were divided into two groups: the experimental group received 10 weeks of on-line computerized eye movement training, while the control group received no training. Subjects who completed the training program demonstrated improved reading eye movements, without appreciable change in reading comprehension. There were few or no changes in targeted variables with control group subjects. The use of the on-line computerized eye movement training program shows promise as a tool to enhance oculomotor efficiency with adult readers. Additional research incorporating a more diverse and larger sample size will be needed to confirm this finding.
This paper reviews the theory, testing, and therapy procedures for saccades. These eye movements and their relationship to reading and academic success are also considered. Research on saccadic eye movements, fixations, span of recognition, and regressions is reviewed. Current arguments on the relationship between eye movement skills and reading disabilities are discussed. The King-Devick test, Developmental Eye Movement Test, Observation Saccades, and the computerized Visagraph are utilized to evaluate eye tracking. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are reviewed. And, finally, therapeutic procedures for enhancing fixational skills, tachistoscopic visual memory skills, and the components of saccadic eye movements are considered.