Ins and Outs of Stroke and Brain Injury

Course dates: 6 lectures of 2 hours: 5/10, 11, 24,25 and 6/7, 8

with Dr Borgman and Dr Zarn 


Description: A review of structural and functional results of stroke and other brain injuries. The series will include six 2-hour lectures covering essential definitions, statistics, epidemiology, signs and symptoms, urgent versus emergent issues, neuroanatomy, the impact of visual deficits on function, neuro-imaging, tips to maximize your optometric evaluation, treatment modalities, and plans. The final 2-hour block is dedicated to discussing cases. Bring your questions and we will work through them together!

Lecture breakdown:

Lecture 1: Background and statistics. The first lecture introduces concepts and identify the urgent need for optometric care of brain injured individuals.

Lecture 2: Signs and symptoms. The second lecture addresses the most common findings post brain injury. Clinical examples will be shared.

Lecture 3: Neuroimaging. The third lecture digs into details about CT and MRI including basic interpretation and how to coordinate with radiology.

Lecture 4: Evaluation. The fourth lecture reviews the optometric examination with highlights on technique modifications and additional testing. VEP, eye tracking, and OCT will be discussed.

Lecture 5: Treatment. The fifth lecture is an overview of core neuro-optometric rehabilitation components: lenses (occlusion, prism, and tint) and therapy (oculomotor, sensory integration, and visual processing)

Lecture 6: Wrap up and case discussion. The sixth and final lecture is an opportunity for case analysis. Presenters will have cases prepared; attendees are welcome to bring cases to discuss.


Christopher Borgman, OD, FAAO

Dr. Chris Borgman is an assistant professor at the Southern College of Optometry in Memphis, TN. He earned his O.D. degree from the Illinois College of Optometry then completed a one-year residency in Primary Care and Ocular Disease at the Illinois Eye Institute in Chicago, Illinois. He is a course instructor for the Systemic Pathology and Integrative Analysis courses at SCO. He has authored many articles published on various topics of ocular disease conditions and ocular pharmacology, and has lectured in numerous continuing education venues on the topics of: billing/coding, primary care ocular diseases, ocular manifestations of systemic diseases, and neuro-optometric diseases.


Melissa Ann Zarn Urankar, OD, FAAO

Melissa Zarn Urankar, OD, FAAO is an Advisory Member to the Board of the Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association (NORA), an inter-disciplinary group of professionals dedicated to providing patients who have physical or cognitive disabilities as a result of an acquired brain injury with a complete ocular health evaluation and optimum visual rehabilitation education and services to improve their quality of life.

Dr. Zarn is an Assistant Professor of Optometry at Southern College of Optometry (SCO). She attained a BS in Engineering Science and Mechanics from Virginia Tech and an OD from Illinois College of Optometry. After completing residency training in Vision Therapy, Rehabilitation, and Pediatrics at Pacific University College of Optometry, she worked at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center where she helped to establish Optometry and Vision Therapy services in the multidisciplinary traumatic brain injury clinic.



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