JBO - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - Conceptual Model of Optometric Vision Care in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Appears in issue JBO - Volume 22 - Issue 1

Author
Ciuffreda, Kenneth, J.
Ludlam, Diana
PDF
Abstract

Optometrists are being asked to provide vision care to increasing numbers of individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).  However, the complexity of both the vision-based, and non-vision-based symptoms and related problems, as well as the multiple levels of concurrent care provided by other health-related professionals, may make the task appear daunting.  We propose a four-tiered, conceptual model of optometric care in these patients that should render the task more easily achievable. The four-tiered model includes the basic optometric examination, and analysis of ocular motor problems, non-ocular motor problems, and non-vision-based problems.