JBO - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - Conceptual Model of Optometric Vision Care in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Appears in issue JBO - Volume 22 - Issue 1

Ciuffreda, Kenneth, J.
Ludlam, Diana

Optometrists are being asked to provide vision care to increasing numbers of individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).  However, the complexity of both the vision-based, and non-vision-based symptoms and related problems, as well as the multiple levels of concurrent care provided by other health-related professionals, may make the task appear daunting.  We propose a four-tiered, conceptual model of optometric care in these patients that should render the task more easily achievable. The four-tiered model includes the basic optometric examination, and analysis of ocular motor problems, non-ocular motor problems, and non-vision-based problems.